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    SKKN môn tiếng ANH: Hoạt động cặp nhóm...

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    Nguồn: Sở GD&ĐT Hà Nội
    Người gửi: Bùi Thị Kim Anh
    Ngày gửi: 08h:34' 08-07-2013
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    Số lượt tải: 44
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    SỞ GIÁO DỤC VÀ ĐÀO TẠO HÀ NỘI



    






    Sáng kiến kinh nghiệm

    Phát huy hiệu quả hoạt động cặp, nhóm trong quá trình dạy học tiếng Anh ở trường THPT










    Người viết: Hoa
    Tổ : Xã Hội
    Trường : THPT Ngọc Hồi
    Năm học: 2009 - 2010
    CONTENTS


    A. REASONS FOR CHOOSING THE RESEARCH
    B. AIMS OF THE RESEARCH
    C. SCOPE, OBJECT AND RESEARCHING METHOD
    D. MAIN CONTENT
    I. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
    1. What are pair work and group work?
    2. Main advantages, problems and solutions to the problems.
    II. ORGANIZING PAIR WORK AND GROUP WORK
    1. Group and pair work organization.
    2. Demonstration.
    3. Suggestions for some popular kinds of practice.
    E. RESULT AFTER APPLYING THE RESEARCH IN TEACHING
    F. CONCLUSION
    G. REFERENCE BOOKS






















    A. REASONS FOR CHOOSING THE RESEARCH
    - Pair work and group work are the main activities in teaching English at schools.
    - Teachers at high schools are in the period of getting used to new English textbook. Pair work and group work didn’t use to be organized in class, so a lot of us – teachers of English at high school – get stuck in organizing pair work and group work effectively.
    - Some teachers haven’t been clearly aware of the roles of pair work and group work in teaching and learning a foreign language.

    B. AIMS OF THE RESEARCH
    - To introduce pair work and group work and to show the advantages of working in pairs and groups.
    - To show how to organize pair and group work effectively and how to deal with initial problems that may arise.
    - To show how pair and group work can be used for various classroom activities.
    - To give teachers confidence in using pair and group work themselves.

    C. SCOPE, OBJECT AND RESEARCHING METHOD
    - Scope : Researching in the process of teaching English at Ngoc Hoi high school.
    - Object: This subject is concerned with ways of organizing activities in the class.
    - Researching method: Reading reference books , discussing with other teachers, applying in teaching, observing and drawing out experiences.


    D. CONTENT
    I. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
    1. What are pair work and group work?
    1.1. Pair work:
    The teacher devices the whole class into pairs. Every student works with his or her parner and all the pairs work at the same time. The teacher walks around, listens and intervenes little if necessary.
    1.2 Group work :
    Students work in small groups (of four or five) on tasks that entail interaction: conveying information, for example, or group decision making. All the groups work at the same time. The teacher walks around listening, intervenes little if at all
    2. Main advantages, problems and solution to the problems.
    For certain types of activity, pairwork and groupwork have number of advantages over working with the whole class together. Teachers should think what the main advantages are, and also what problems might be involved in pairwork, groupwork and the solutions for these.
    Here are some main advantages and problems:

    Advantages
     Problems
    
     More language practice
    Students are more involved
    Students feel secure, confident
    Students help one another
    Save time
    Noise
    Students make mistakes
    Difficult to control
    …………………..
    
    
    ( Of course, your own advantages and problems may look slightly different from these, but most teachers suggestions will probably fit under these headings)
    Now, we will discuss each heading in more detail. First, let’s start with the advantages

    *More language practice:
    Pairwork and groupwork give students far more chance to speak English. For example, students are given an exercise of making sentences (question & answer), working in pair, each student makes as many sentences as they can. If the exercise were done ‘round the class’, students would only say one sentence each , and in a large class many students would say nothing at all.

    * Student are more involved:
    Some activities will probably be dominated by a few students and others would lose interest if they are conducted with the whole class together. Working in pairs or groups encourages students to be more involved and to concentrate on the task.

    * Students feel secure:
    Students feel less anxiety when they are working privately than when they are on show in front of the whole class. Pairwork and groupwork can help shy students who would never say anything in a whole class activity.

    *Students help each other:
    Pairwork and groupwork encourage students to share ideas and knowledge. In a reading actictivity, students can help each other to explore the meaning of a text; in a
     
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